« Jon Michaels' Forum

One in four South Dakotans have some form of mental illness (NAMI)

by Jon Michaels

John Williams, a family member, Penny Hall, a volunteer and Wendy Giebink, Executive Director of the Sioux Falls Chapter of the National Alliance on Mental Illness discuss NAMI with Public Affairs Dir. Jon Michaels.

NAMI The National Alliance on Mental Illness 1 (800) 950-NAMI www.nami.org

3803 N. Fairfax Drive, Suite 100, Arlington, VA 22203

1

Numbers of Americans Affected by Mental

Illness

One in four adultsapproximately 61.5 million

Americansexperiences mental illness in a given

year. One in 17about 13.6 millionlive with a serious

mental illness such as schizophrenia, major depression

or bipolar disorder.1

Approximately 20 percent of youth ages 13 to 18

experience severe mental disorders in a given year. For

ages 8 to 15, the estimate is 13 percent.2

Approximately 1.1 percent of American adults

about 2.4 million peoplelive with schizophrenia.3,4

Approximately 2.6 percent of American adults6.1

million peoplelive with bipolar disorder.4,5

Approximately 6.7 percent of American adultsabout

14.8 million peoplelive with major depression.4,6

Approximately 18.1 percent of American adultsabout

42 million peoplelive with anxiety disorders, such as

panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD),

posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), generalized

anxiety disorder and phobias.4,7

About 9.2 million adults have co-occurring mental

health and addiction disorders.8

Approximately 26 percent of homeless adults staying

in shelters live with serious mental illness and an

estimated 46 percent live with severe mental illness

and/or substance use disorders.9

Approximately 20 percent of state prisoners and 21

percent of local jail prisoners have a recent history of

a mental health condition.10

Seventy percent of youth in juvenile justice systems

have at least one mental health condition and at least

20 percent live with a severe mental illness.

11

Getting Mental Health Treatment in America

Approximately 60 percent of adults12, and almost one-half

of youth ages 8 to 15 with a mental illness received no

mental health services in the previous year. 13

African American and Hispanic Americans used

mental health services at about one-half the rate of

whites in the past year and Asian Americans at about

one-third the rate.14.

One-half of all chronic mental illness begins by the age

of 14; three-quarters by age 24.

15

Despite effective

treatment, there are long delayssometimes

decadesbetween the first appearance of symptoms

and when people get help.16

The Impact of Mental Illness in America

Serious mental illness costs America $193.2 billion

in lost earnings per year.17

Mood disorders such as depression are the third most

common cause of hospitalization in the U.S. for both

youth and adults ages 18 to 44.18

Individuals living with serious mental illness face an

increased risk of having chronic medical conditions.

19

Adults living with serious mental illness die on average

25 years earlier than other Americans, largely due to

treatable medical conditions.

20

Over 50 percent of students with a mental health

condition age 14 and older who are served by special

education drop outthe highest dropout rate of any

disability group.

21

Suicide is the tenth leading cause of death in the U.S.

(more common than homicide) and the third leading

cause of death for ages 15 to 24 years.22 More than 90

percent of those who die by suicide had one or more

mental disorders.

23

Although military members comprise less than 1

percent of the U.S. population24, veterans represent

20 percent of suicides nationally. Each day, about 22

veterans die from suicide.